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The Muslim Zoroastrians

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Every Community has its Zoroastrians, and the Zoroastrians of my Community are those who say there is no Decree (Qadar). If they fall sick do not visit them, and if they die do not pray over them.” [Musnad Ahmad]

The first who claimed that there is no Decree were the Qadariyya and the Mu`tazilah. The Qadariyya (Libertarians) and the rationalists known as the Mu`tazila (Isolationists) are both traced back to the same founder, Amr ibn Ubayd Abu Uthman al-Basri, who walked out of the teaching circle of al-Hasan al-Basri and “isolated” himself.

The Mu`tazila claimed that Allah the Exalted has not foreordained matters, that His knowledge does not precede them, that matters begin to exist only when they occur and that He knows them only at that time. The latter-day Qadariyya say that good is from Allah while bad is from other than Him. Exalted is Allah above their falsehoods.

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) called the holders of such beliefs Zoroastrians because their school of thought resembles that of Zoroastrian dualism. The Dualists claim that good is effected by light and evil by darkness, and thus earned their name. Similarly, the proponents of free will ascribe good to Allah and bad to other than Him, whereas He is the creator of both good and evil. 

Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak lived to see the development of the Mu’tazili, Qadariyyah and Jahmiyyah beliefs and subsequently warned people from following them or taking knowledge from them. He staunchly opposed deviancy, heretical groups, views and methodologies. As a Muhaddith and Faqeeh, he made public his abandonment of those who supported and propagated deviancy. [The Life of Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak]

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