IT WAS NARRATED THAT USAAMAH IBN ZAYD SAID: I SAID: O MESSENGER OF ALLAAH, I DO NOT SEE YOU FASTING IN ANY MONTH AS YOU FAST IN SHA’BAAN? HE SAID (SALALLAAHU ALAYHI WA SALAM): “THAT IS A MONTH THAT PEOPLE NEGLECT BETWEEN RAJAB AND RAMADAAN, BUT IT IS A MONTH IN WHICH PEOPLE’S DEEDS ARE TAKEN UP TO THE LORD OF THE WORLDS AND I WOULD LIKE MY DEEDS TO BE TAKEN UP WHEN I AM FASTING.” [NASAAI]
Some of the scholars explained a wisdom behind this hadeeth, which is that this fasting is like Sunnah prayers offered beforehand in relation to the obligatory prayer; they prepare the soul for performing the obligatory action, and the same may be said of fasting Sha’baan before Ramadaan.
Many people misunderstand the true nature of fasting, and they make it an occasion for eating and drinking and iftaar get togethers. They prepare by buying food and planning the day they will invite friends and families but they take away the worship and piety out of the month. With only 21 days or so left until Ramadaan, there isn’t long to prepare for the Ramadaan which may be our last.
When we have a important guest coming to our house, we want to make sure we are 100% ready to welcome them. It was narrated from some of the salaf that they used to pray to Allaah for six months that they would live until Ramadaan, then they would pray for five months afterwards that He would accept it from them.
The Muslim should ask his Lord to let him live until Ramadaan with a strong religious commitment and good physical health, and he should ask Him to help him obey Him during the month, and ask Him to accept his good deeds.
We should discharge the duty of any outstanding obligatory fasts that we may have from before. It was narrated that Abu Salamah said: I heard ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) say: I would owe fasts from the previous Ramadaan and I would not be able to make them up except in Sha’baan. [Bukhari]
The Muslim should seek knowledge in order to be able to follow the rulings on fasting and to understand the virtues of Ramadaan. And once we learn the rulings, we should sit with our family members to tell them of the rulings on fasting and encourage the young ones to fast.
Fasting some of the month of Sha’baan in preparation for fasting Ramadaan. It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (radiAllaahu anaha) said: The Messenger of Allaah (salAllaahu alayhi wa salam) used to fast until we said: He will not break his fast, and he used not to fast until we said: He will not fast. And I never saw the Messenger of Allaah (salAllaahu alayhi wa salam) complete a month of fasting except Ramadaan, and I never saw him fast more in any month than in Sha’baan. [Muslim]
Reading Quraan leading up to the month of the Quraan . When Sha’baan began, ‘Amr ibn Qays would close his shop and free his time for reading Qur’aan.
Abu Bakr al-Balkhi said: “The month of Rajab is the month for planting, the month of Sha’baan is the month of irrigating the crops, and the month of Ramadaan is the month of harvesting the crops. “