The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Indeed Allah created Adam in His image.” [Sahih Muslim]
What this Hadith means is that Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) gave Adam (alaihis salam) attributes that in a way resemble His own attributes, such as the attributes of life, power, knowledge, will over his actions, hearing, seeing and speech.
Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) swears in Surah Teen, “We have created man in the best composition, then We turned him into the lowest of the low, except those who believed and did righteous deeds, because for them there is a reward never ending.” Thus, man has the potential to be both the best creature to walk the earth and the worst creature on the face of the earth.
Chingez Khan’s empire was now broken up into several chunks. Tughluq Temur’s father was the ruler of one of these portions. After travelling for many days and nights Jalal-ud-Deen arrived with his servant at a place near Aaqsoo. Prince Tughluq Temur was hunting in the woods nearby. He had ordered all the inhabitants of Aaqsoo to join his hunting party.
When Tughluq Temur saw that Jalal-ud-Deen and his servant were not a part of the hunt he burst into fury and demanded to know how his orders could be defied. Jalal-ud-Deen explained that they were strangers in this land and had just come from the destroyed town of Katak.
Tughluq Temur was not fully placated by the answer. He was throwing a hunting dog of his meat from a pig. Pointing to the dog he grilled Jalal-ud-Deen, “Who do you think is better, you or this dog?” Jalal-ud-Deen replied, “If I have Eeman and am obedient to Allah than I am better than this dog, but if I don’t have Eeman than the dog is a thousand times better than me.”
Tughluq Temur was struck by this answer and met with Jalal-ud-Deen privately in his tent. Jalal-ud-Deen explained to him what Islam was, by virtue of which man gained superiority over other creatures. Tughluq Temur desired to embrace Islam but told Jalal-ud-Deen that the time was not right for him to do so. All the authority was in the hands of his father, “but return to me when I become king and I promise to embrace Islam then.”
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “True dreams are one of the forty-six parts of Prophethood.” [Bukhari]
When Jalal-ud-Deen felt that death was approaching he called his son Arshad-ud-Deen, a pious scholar like himself, and informed him of Tughluq Temur’s promise to him. He also informed his son about a unique dream he had had prior to meeting Tughluq Temur.
In the dream he had seen that he was standing on a mountain peak with a lamp in his hand. The light of the lamp was so bright that it had lit up the entire east.
Jalal-ud-Deen expressed the hope that the acceptance of Islam by Tughluq Temur would pave the way for his subjects to also embrace the faith and thus Islam would spread to the east. He advised his son to go to Tughluq Temur when he becomes king and remind him of his promise to Jalal-ud-Deen.